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SHAMS-UL-ARZ
HAZRAT KHWAJA SHAMSUDDIN TURK PANIPATI
(RADI ALLAHU ANHU)

Hazrat Khwaaja Shamsuddeen Turk (radi Allahu anhu) was born in Turkey/Turkistan and like many of the great Mashaaikh he was a direct descendant of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallalalahu alaihi wasallam). Khwaaja Shamsuddeen (radi Allahu anhu) completed early knowledge in Tafseer, Hadith and Fiqh in Turkey/Turkistan. Thereafter, having the thirst for the spiritual knowledge he left his country in search for a Kaamil Pir-o-Murshid (Spiritual Guide).  During his travel he met many Mashaa'ikh but his heart was not satisfied. Finally Khwaaja Shamsuddeen (radi Allahu anhu) arrived in the Indian subcontinent where he heard of the greatness of Hazrat Baba Fariduddin Ganje Shakr (radi Allahu anhu) and he desired to become his mureed.

When arriving at the feet of the great Master Hazrat Baba Farid (radi Allahu anhu) on the 12th Zil Haj 658 A.H.(7 years after the destruction of Kalyar by the jalaal of Hazrat Saabir Paak (radi Allahu anhu)) ) with the intention of becoming his mureed, Hazrat Baba Farid Ganje Shakr (radi Allahu anhu) told him that "This faqeer has nothing for you,   you should go to Kalyar, for whatever is your share you will receive it from my Khwaaja Makhdoom Allauddin Saabir (radi Allahu anhu)".

Accordingly Khwaaja Shamsuddeen (radi Allahu anhu) with a group of 21 other dervishes left for Kalyar and reached the 24 mile radius beyond which no human or even a bird dare cross. Here they were met by Hazrat Jamaaludeen Abdaal who entertained them until Hazrat Alimullah Abdaal, who was in the service of Hazrat Saabir Paak (radi Allahu anhu), , took them safely across to where Hazrat Saabir Paak (radi Allahu anhu) was. Here Khwaaja Shamsuddeen (radi Allahu anhu) and other dervishes found Hazrat Saabir Paak (radi Allahu anhu) engrossed in an overwhelming contemplation.

For 22 days and nights Hazrat Saabir Paak (radi Allahu anhu) was in this state.  During this period the other dervishes had lost their patience and left Kalyar,  besides Khwaaja Shamsudeen (radiAllahu anhu), , who was so overtaken by the personality of   Hazrat Saabir Paak (radiAllahu anhu) that he had forgotten the world and even his own physical needs.  Since Khwaaja Shamsuddeen (radi Allahu anhu) was a Qari and Hafiz of the Quran he began reciting the Quran aloud.  After some time due to tiredness he stopped. Hazrat Saabir Paak (radi Allahu anhu) ) who was still in a state of contemplation asked as to why the beautiful recitation has been stopped so Khwaaja Shamsuddeen (radiAllahu anhu) who was standing all the time (for 22 days) said that he had become tired.

Upon hearing this Hazrat Saabir Paak (radi Allahu anhu) ordered him to sit and recite the Quran, and  Khwaaja Shamsuddeen (radi Allahu anhu) replied as to how was it possible that the Master stands and the servant sits,  as this is a sign of disrespect. Hearing this Hazrat Saabir Paak (radi Allahu anhu) sat down for the first time in 7 years. When Hazrat Saabir Paak (radi Allahu anhu) regained his consciousness he spoke out saying:

"Shamsuddeen,are you sent here by Hazrat Baba Fariduddin (radi Allahu anhu) " ", and the latter replied, "Your Honour knows everything better than this humble soul".   Therafter, Hazrat Saabir Paak(radi Allahu anhu) said "The sun of Allah is in the sky and the sun of this faqeer is on the earth ".  A declaration that gave Khwaaja Shamsuddeen (radi Allahu anhu) the title of  "SHAMSUL ARZ" (The Sun of the earth).

Thereafter he was initiated by Hazrat Saabir Paak (radi Allahu anhu) as his mureed in the Chistia silsila with all due honour. Hazrat Saabir Paak (radi Allahu anhu) then ordered Khwaaja Shamsuddeen (radi Allahu anhu) to go back to Paak Patan and serve his Pir-O-Murshid Hazrat Baba Fariduddin (radi Allahu anhu) and undergo spiritual training under him dutifully until he leaves this mundane world.

After the Wisaal of Hazrat Baba Fariduddin (radi Allahu anhu), Khwaaja Shamsuddeen (radi Allahu anhu) left Paak Patan for Kalyar and reported himself in the presence of Hazrat Saabir Paak (radiAllahu anhu) whom he had found in the same state holding the goolar tree as he had left him 4 years ago. When Hazrat Saabir Paak (radi Allahu anhu) regained consciousness he asked for his green turban and his other relics, and on the 12th of Muharram 661 A.H. he conferred his Khilaafat of the Chistia silsila on his one and only mureed Hazrat Khwaaja Shamsudeen (radi Allahu anhu) in the prescence of Hazrat Khwaaja Nizaamuddin Auliya (radi Al1ahu anhu) and Hazrat Khwaaja Nasiruddin Chiragh (radi Allahu anhu).

Hazrat Saabir Paak (radi Allahu anhu) then said "Shamsuddeen, you are my son and I make dua to Allah that my silsila will spread from you right until Qiyaamat". On the 19th Muharram 684 A.H. Hazrat Saabir Paak (radi Allahu anhu) ordered Khwaaja Shamsuddeen (radi Allahu anhu) to to go into a 6 year mujaheda called "Habse Kabeer" in a grave. The grave was prepared by Hazrat Saabir Paak (radi Allahu anhu) himself by one movement of his finger. Alimullah Abdaal was ordered to place one glass of water and one loaf of bread in the grave so when Khwaaja Shamsuddeen (radi Allahu anhu) felt hungry he will have some sustenance.

After 6 years when he was taken out, only half a glass of water and half a loaf of bread was left. His Pir-o-Murshid now ordered him to go and help Sultan Allauddin Khilji conquer the Amber fort and also said that on that day he (Khwaja Shamsuddeen) will manifest his first karaamat, and will also be the passing away of his Pir-o-Murshid. Khwaaja Shamsuddeen (radi Allahu anhu) could not resist his tears and he was given all the instructions by Hazrat Saabir Paak (radi Allahu anhu) for the funeral proceedings.  On this very occasion, he was also handed the Spiritual leadership of Panipat.

After conquering fhe fort, Khwaaja Shamsuddeen (radi Allahu anhu) left for Kalyar to prepare the Janaaza of his beloved Pir-o-Murshid, Hazrat Saabir Paak (radiAllahu anhu).).   When Khwaaja Shamsuddeen (radi Allahu anhu) saw the Janaaza namaaz of Hazrat Saabir Paak (radi Allahu anhu) was performed by none other than Hazrat Saabir Paak (radi Allahu anhu) himself he fell unconscious and disappeared from the place where he fell and landed in the city of Firkhaar in Turkistan. An impression of the body of Khwaaja Shamsudeen (radi Allahu anhu) was left on the spot where he landed and a Roza was built over it by the Qutb of Firkhaar, Hazrat Sayed Masoom Ali (radi Allahu anhu). . Khwaaja Shamsudeen (radi Allahu anhu) performed mujahedas for one year at the mountain of Firkhaar.

He then proceeded to Panipat which was one of the instructions given to him by Hazrat Saabir Paak (radi Allahu anhu) before he passed away. He arrived in Panipat on the 4th Zil Qadh 693A.H. staying for short intervals on the way at Kashan, Tehran, Badakshan, Qandhar, Kabul, Lahore.  The person who had the spiritual leadership of Panipat was Hazrat Sharfudeen Bu Ali Shah Qalandar (radi Allahu anhu)..  Therefore, to inform Hazrat Bu Ali Shah Qalandar (radi Allahu anhu) of his arrival in Panipat, he sent his salaams and a full glass of milk to him.

When Hazrat Bu Ali Shah Qalandar (radi Allahu anhu) saw this he smiled and put a rose on the full glass of milk and returned it together with his salaams to Khwaaja Shamsuddeen (radi Allahu anhu).  When Khwaaja Shamsuddeen (radi Allahu anhu) saw the rose on the milk he also smiled. The people who were present were very confused at the strange proceedings and enquired as to the meaning of this.  Khwaaja Shamsudeen (radi Allahu anhu) explained that the full glass of milk meant that the spiritual leadership of Panipat is now bestowed upon him by Hazrat Saabir Paak (radi Allahu anhu), and Hazrat Bu Ali Shah Qalandar (radi Allahu anhu) accepted his leadership by placing the rose on the glass of milk.

Once, Hazrat Saabir Paak (radi Allahu anhu) said that, "My Shamsuddeen is like the sun from amongst the Auliya".  From Panipat Khwaaja Shamsuddeen (radi Allahu anhu) conducted the misson started by Khwaaja Muinduddin Chisti (radi Allahu anhu) in India through a new branch known as the Chistia Sabiria Silsila.

Here he had initiated many mureeds including Hazrat Shah Jalaaludeen Kabirul Auliya (radi Allahu anhu)..   On the 19th of Shabaan 694 A.H. when Shah Jalaaludeen Kabirul Auliya (radi Allahu anhu)  completed his 6 months mujaheda, "Habse Kabeer", a Mehfil-e-Sama was arranged.  In this mehfil, Hazrat Khwaja Shamsudeen (radi Allahu anhu) had a prolonged wajd. While he was in this state of wajd, a dervish appeared with a veil over his face,  but when he saw Khwaaja Shamsuddeen (radi Allahu anhu) ) in this state, he left. When  Khwaaja Shamsuddeen (radi Allahu anhu) regained his consciousness he was told about the visit of the dervish.  He expressed extreme dissapointment and sorrow upon hearing this news and said, "What a pity, my Shaikh Hazat Saabir Paak (radi Allahu anhu) had come to see me and I was unaware of his arrival".   After this day he retired into seclusion and never spoke to anybody except Hazrat Shah Jalaaluddeen Kabirul Auliya (radi Allahu anhu), who was permitted to see him.

Hazrat Khwaaja Shamsuddeen (radi Allahu anhu) passed away in this state on the 10th of Jamaadul Akhir 699A.H. He was buried in Panipat wher his Mazaar Shareef stands today. Hazrat Khwaaja Shamsuddeen (radi Allahu anhu) ) bestowed the khilaafat upon his dear mureed Hazrat Shah Jalaaluddeen Kabirul Auliya (radi Allahu anhu) who now conducted the work of the Mashaaik-e-Chistia .

 

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